Equations describing the VEGF receptors are given as a system of ordinary differential equations over the sprout surface. In addition to describing VEGF binding to the receptors, they describe the continual balance between secretion of unligated VEGF receptors (at a rate sR) and internalization (kint), VEGF165 bridging of VEGFR2 and NRP1, VEGFR1/NRP1 coupling (kc) and uncoupling (kuc), and VEGF114 binding to the VEGFR1-NRP1 complex. Note that VEGF121 and VEGF189 terms are omitted for clarity. We assume that receptors do not diffuse along the cell surface.
Architecture has deep wells of research, thought, and theory that are unseen on the surface of a structure. For practitioners, citizens interested, and students alike, books on architecture offer invaluable context to the profession, be it practical, inspirational, academic, or otherwise. So, for those of you looking to expand your bookshelf (or confirm your own tastes), ArchDaily has gathered a broad list of architectural books that we consider of interest to those in the field.
Seminal work for the history of architecture, the authors analyze the Las Vegas' strip to better comprehend the common and ordinary architecture, rather than the iconic buildings proclaimed by modernism | Recommended by Romullo Baratto
Junya Ishigami is known for a singular portfolio, one in which structures blur into near invisibility, taking on the appearance of forests, strands of ribbon, and even the sky | Recommended by Shuang Han
A compilation of Piranesi's etchings of prisons, Le Carceri represents not only a huge artistic accomplishment but also a milestone on architectural perception with its numerous vaults, staircases and other ambiguous structures | Recommended by Romullo Baratto
According to Habraken, architects consider the context to be the 'ordinary' into which they are challenged to produce the 'extraordinary.' But as vernacular architecture disappears, ordinary environments are more difficult to define. Without a clear counterpoint, how can architects situate concepts of innovation in architecture? | Recommended by José Tomás Franco
*Clothes-drying spaces refers to a small structure usually constructed of steel bars on top of the projecting first floor roofs, providing enough space only to step outside and hang clothes to dry out under the sun. 2b1af7f3a8