In the oil industry, a waterflood or water injection is where water is injected into the oil reservoir, to maintain the pressure (also known as voidage replacement), or to drive oil towards the wells, and thereby increase production. Water injection wells may be located on- and offshore, to increase oil recovery from an existing reservoir.
The simulation parameters and numerical methods are given in the appendix. A total of 165 simulations are conducted, with the simulations conducted at intervals of one year from the first year in which waterflooding began to the year 2033. For each year of simulation, the water/oil ratio in the oil reservoirs has increased from its initial value of 0.01 to 0.05.
Water in the reservoir is called free water, because it is not chemically bound. This free water can move in and out of the reservoir in response to changes in the reservoir pressure, or it can move with oil, allowing oil to flow out of the reservoir.
Second, the oil-water mixture was injected into the reservoir. This is a major engineering challenge. The exact mixing ratio of water to oil is important, and control of the oil-water mixture during injection is needed to achieve the desired oil recovery. This was an early engineering challenge of this project.
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One of the drawbacks to this approach was that we needed to recompile every time we made even a small change to the code. This slowed everything else we were doing down and because we couldn't always have someone waiting for the application to finish building. 827ec27edc